In January, 2003 a CSHA task force published this position paper, The Assessment of African American Children: An Update on Larry P. The Larry P. v. Riles (1979) court case is the basis for the law that disallows the administration of standardized intelligence quotient (IQ) tests for the placement of African American children into classes for the Educable Mentally Retarded (EMR) or its substantial equivalent.
Language disorders and language-learning disabilities may significantly impact all components of reading and writing. Educators, special educators, and parents in California have placed more emphasis on this fact in recent years. With increased national and state legislative focus on literacy, speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have both a challenge and opportunity to contribute to literacy development. This position paper and resource guide addresses the SLPs’ roles and responsibilities with respect to literacy development in children and adolescents in California.
California is the home of one third of the nation’s 5 million English-language learners (ELL). The position paper was written to offer practicing speech-language pathologists and audiologists guidelines when needing to collaborate with an interpreter/translator (I/T). This process is necessary when the clinician and client do not share the same language and is mandated by IDEA (2004) (20 U.S.C. §1412 (6)(B).
In 1986, the enactment of legislation to require early intervention services for infants and toddlers with disabilities and at-risk conditions from birth up until age 3 years of age ushered in a new paradigm of services and supports for families and very young children which has been compared to the Copernican Revolution (Turnbull & Summers, 1987).